Calgary Surge: Rule differences you need to know from the NBA
Although Calgary will host professional basketball next year, it might not look exactly like what you see when watching the NBA Toronto Raptors.
On Wednesday, the name and colors of the Calgary Surge team were announced, and with them, a new professional sports franchise was launched in this city. They will play in the Canadian Elite Basketball League (CEBL), which has 10 teams in six provinces.
The league abides by all International Federation of Amateur Basketball (FIBA) rules, not NBA rules. There is one big exception: CEBL has adopted Target Score Ending – also known as Elam Ending – for the fourth quarter.
According to CEBL Senior Director of Brand and Marketing, Ansh Sanyal, CEBL is the first FIBA Pro League to adopt this system.
This is how it works (from Sanyal)
- The first time the game clock is stopped at 4:00 minutes or less in the 4e quarter of each match, time play will end and a target score will be set equal to the leading team’s score plus nine (9). Example: When stopped, if the match score is 77-71, the target score after adding 9 points is 86.
- If the first stoppage at/under 4:00 is a free kick resulting in free throws, the free throw(s) will be administered before setting the target score.
- The shot clock remains intact and used for the duration of the 4e quarter of the game as usual.
- Only two (2) time-outs can be used by each team during the untimed part of the 4e trimester.
- The first team to reach the target score wins the game.
“It instantly makes the game much more exciting,” he wrote in an email. Sanyal even sent a video from last year’s championship to demonstrate it.
Other rules differences between FIBA and NBA
There are a variety of other rules that will not be the same as the NBA. As you begin your journey as a Calgary Surge fan, it’s probably good to know what’s going on.
Here are some of the main differences you’ll see when the Surge hits the field. (There are smaller nuances to some of them that you’ll discover as you continue to learn the FIBA game.)
Small lot size: The FIBA court measures 91.86 feet by 49.21 feet. By comparison, the NBA field is 95×50.
Three pointers: In the NBA, the furthest distance for a plateau is 7.24 meters. In the turns, however, it is 6.75 meters. In CEBL/FIBA – the three-point line is 6.75 meters.
Quarter Length: NBA – 12 mins. FIBA – 10 mins. Extra time is 5 minutes in both (except with the end of the target score).
Time limit : In the NBA, teams each have seven timeouts during regulation. They cannot use more than four timeouts in the last quarter. OT has two timeouts – players in possession or coaches can call a timeout. According to FIBA rules, teams can use two timeouts in the first half and three in the second half. In OT, only one time out is allowed, and only the coach can call it.
Faults: The NBA’s personal foul limit is six. FIBA sets it at 5 (before being fouled). Flagrant 1 and 2 do not exist in FIBA, but they have similar rules for unsportsmanlike conduct.
Goalkeeper : Both rulebooks have goalkeepers. The basic rule is when a player blocks an opponent’s shot after hitting the backboard. In the NBA, players cannot touch the ball over the rim in an imaginary cylinder extending upwards. FIBA rules allow the ball to be touched (and tipped over) while it is in the cylinder, AFTER it has touched the rim.
Skipping balls: No jumping balls in the game in FIBA. There is an alternating possession rule.
Coaching Challenges: Not in FIBA. However, faults can be examined by the referees.
Three second violations: FIBA only has one three-second offensive violation (in the key). The NBA has them for both offense and defense.
(Compiled and compared between various sources